A CV, or "curriculum vitae" is a document which gives an overview of a person's experiences, employment history and qualifications for a job. This is usually the first thing a potential employer will ask from you, before granting an interview. There are several different layouts that can be used for a CV, so you will want to decide which one will serve your needs. You can even create multiple CV's in various layouts if you think one will be better received at certain companies. Frequently, you might find that highlighting certain jobs and experiences for one potential employer and highlighting other jobs and experiences for another potential employer will serve you well (see "Targeted CV", below).
The chronological layout is normally used when you are planning on changing jobs but remaining in the same field. It's the most traditional layout, so it may seem familiar to you. In this layout, you will show your career history in reverse chronological order, being sure to show the job titles and the names of your employers.
If you are changing careers and/or have had several careers, this format might be a good choice for your CV. The Functional CV highlights achievements and skills. This format puts less weight on job titles and employers though, so if you worked for a well-known company, it may not be immediately noticeable.
The Targeted CV places emphasis on the skills and experience you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for. The Targeted CV can be adjusted for submission to several completely different jobs, if you're going for a career change. It focuses on the skills and achievements you have used or learned throughout your entire career, and can include volunteer and unpaid experience, if you have any.
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